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妇女和少数民族科学家和工程师
SJR: 0.468 SNIP: 0.905 CiteScore™: 1.65

ISSN 打印: 1072-8325
ISSN 在线: 1940-431X

妇女和少数民族科学家和工程师

DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.v7.i4.20
16 pages

GENDER, RACE, AND THE COLLEGE SCIENCE TRACK: ANALYZING FIELD CONCENTRATIONS AND INSTITUTIONAL SELECTIVITY

Ann L. Mullen
Department of Sociology, University of Toronto, Canada

ABSTRACT

This study examines the effects of gender, race, and ethnicity on the pursuit of scientific fields of study among college students. It builds on previous research by considering variation among fields of science and variation across institutions in selectivity. The findings reveal that African American students graduating with degrees in science are underrepresented in elite institutions, principally because of their concentration in historically Black colleges and universities. The evidence does not indicate that female science majors are underrepresented in elite institutions. Both groups are concentrated among the science fields with the lowest labor market returns. These findings demonstrate that female and minority students are more disadvantaged than studies of their simple representation in science would suggest.


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