图书馆订阅: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell 数字图书馆 电子图书 期刊 参考文献及会议录 研究收集
妇女和少数民族科学家和工程师
SJR: 0.468 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.65

ISSN 打印: 1072-8325
ISSN 在线: 1940-431X

妇女和少数民族科学家和工程师

DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.v7.i2.40
28 pages

EFFECTS OF GENDER ON ENGINEERING CAREER COMMITMENT

Anne M. Barker
The John D. Hromi Center for Quality and Applied Statistics, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY

ABSTRACT

Engineering has been one of the most difficult fields for 'women to enter and in which to succeed. Although the percentage of female engineers has Increased, women are still seriously underrcpresented in the workforce. This study examined the effect offender on career commitment, success, satisfaction, and involvement in engineering, and the effect of personality and work environment on these variables. Alumni from an engineering school in the northeastern United States were surveyed. The questionnaire was analyzed using statistical and descriptive methods to determine relationships among these variables. Women's commitment scores were lower than men's when controlled for other variables, including satisfaction and involvement. Men had longer tenure as engineers than women, even when controlled for year of graduation, professional engineering status, and number of children. Women did not leave engineering in different proportions than men, but they did earn significantly less despite controlling for year of graduation and number of hours worked weekly. Some gender differences in workplace experience were also found, including having colleagues act protectively, being mistaken for secretaries, and seeing men progress faster in their careers than equally qualified women.