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环境病理学,毒理学和肿瘤学期刊
影响因子: 1.241 5年影响因子: 1.349 SJR: 0.356 SNIP: 0.613 CiteScore™: 1.61

ISSN 打印: 0731-8898
ISSN 在线: 2162-6537

环境病理学,毒理学和肿瘤学期刊

DOI: 10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.v27.i4.60
pages 295-302

Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibition by Etoricoxib Modulates Plasma Membrane Fluidity in Rat Colon

Nancy Behal
Department of Biophysics, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014, India
Shailender Singh Kanwar
Department of Biophysics, Panjab University, Chandigarh- 160 014, India
Jasmeet Kaur
Department of Biophysics, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014, India
Sankar Nath Sanyal
Department of Biophysics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India 160014

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to investigate the effects of a selective cycloogenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, etoricoxib, on the membrane-specific enzymes, lipid composition, and changes in fluidity parameters of rat colonic plasma membrane. Two doses of the drug were used, one within its therapeutic anti-inflammatory range as based on the ED 50 value in rats (Eto-1), while the other at 10 times higher dose relating to the toxicity studies (Eto-2), which have not been reported so far. The activity of the membrane alkaline phosphatase was found to be increased after treatment with both the doses of etoricoxib as compared to the control. The total lipid and the cholesterol content showed a decrease while an increase in ganglioside sialic acid content was noted. Phospholipid content and the cholesterol-phospholipid molar ratio showed no change in either of the treatment groups. Fluorescence polarization studies with diphenylhexatriene showed that membrane fluidity was least altered in the isolated brush border membrane from colon or in the lipo somes prepared from the membrane lipid extracts. Also, the translational diffusion studied with pyrene showed that the fluidity parameter was decreased as measured by the excimer formation. It is concluded that etoricoxib, a new generation COX-2 inhibitor (called the coxibs), appeared to be a safe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) in the colonic membranes.


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