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环境病理学,毒理学和肿瘤学期刊
影响因子: 1.625 5年影响因子: 1.63 SJR: 0.402 SNIP: 0.613 CiteScore™: 2.3

ISSN 打印: 0731-8898
ISSN 在线: 2162-6537

环境病理学,毒理学和肿瘤学期刊

DOI: 10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.v20.i2.100
10 pages

Caffeine Potentiation of Allyl Alcohol-Induced Hepatotoxicity. II. In Vitro Study*

Maria Karas
Hopital du Sacre-Coeur de Montreal, 5400 Gouin Blvd.West Montreal,Quebec, H4J 1C5 Canada
Saroj K. Chakrabarti
Departement de Medecine du Travail et Hygiene du Milieu, Faculte de Medecine, Universite de Montreal, Montreal,Quebec, Canada

ABSTRACT

We examined the effects of caffeine (C) on allyl alcohol (AA)- and acrolein (A)-induced hepatotoxicity on freshly-isolated, rat hepatocytes obtained from livers of adult, male, Sprague-Dawley rats. Isolated rat hepatocytes in suspension were incubated in each test with one of the following: 0, 1.0, or 2.5 mM of AA alone; or with 0, 2.5, or 5 mM of C alone; or a combination of AA and C at the same range of concentrations as used alone, for 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes at 37 °C.A dose- and time-dependent potentiation of cytotoxicity as measured by cellular viability (using trypan blue exclusion) were observed. The AA (2.5 mM)-induced lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage observed after 60 minutes incubation was completely prevented when pretreated for 15 minutes with 4-methylpyrazole (MP) (0.5 mM). Such pretreatment, even with a double dose of 4-MP, only partially, and not significantly, prevented LDH leakage when the hepatocytes were incubated with a mixture of 2.5 mM AA and 5 mM C. The depletion of hepatocyte nonprotein sulfhydryl (NPSH) content caused by AA was further enhanced in the presence of C, as early as 15 minutes after their exposure. The AA-induced increase in lipid peroxidation was also potentiated by C; however, potentiation started later, and only after sufficient depletion of NPSH (mostly glutathione) occurred resulting from the presence of AA plus C. A significant loss of protein sulfhydryls in rat hepatocytes could be noted following a 60-minute incubation period with either AA (1 mM) or AA (1 mM) plus C (5 mM). Similarly, C produced a dose-and time-dependent potentiation of A-induced liver cytotoxicity, which was preceded by severe loss of NPSH content within 15 minutes of exposure, whereas the potentiation of lipid peroxidation (LPO) resulting from A plus C was found to be a relatively late event, as with AA plus C. Furthermore, combined treatment with AA and C produced a significantly higher cytotoxicity (as measured by cellular viability) than that due to the combined treatment with A plus C based on equimolar concentration. These results suggest that two increased bioactivation pathways of AA involving the P-450 mixed-function oxidase system resulting from C may be involved in the potentiation of AA hepatotoxicity.


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