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国际能源材料和化学驱动期刊
ESCI SJR: 0.28 SNIP: 0.421 CiteScore™: 0.9

ISSN 打印: 2150-766X
ISSN 在线: 2150-7678

国际能源材料和化学驱动期刊

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2018020287
pages 347-357

FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF AN AL/CR2O3/ETN ENERGETIC NANOCOMPOSITE VIA A SOL-GEL METHODOLOGY

Yi Wang
School of Materials Science and Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, People's Republic of China
Xiaolan Song
School of Environment and Safety Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, People's Republic of China
Dan Song
China Ordnance Institute of Science and Technology, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
Zhaoyang Song
School of Environment and Safety Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, People's Republic of China

ABSTRACT

A nanocomposite with Al nanoparticles (~ 80 nm) embedded as the internal core and Cr2O3 and ETN nanoparticles (~ 10 nm) compactly coated on its surface was prepared via a sol-gel-freeze drying method. The effects of the initial concentration of CrCl3 (C0), solvent, and amount of propylene oxide (V3+PO/Cr) on the fabrication were discussed in detail, and the optimum technology was obtained. SEM, XPS, and IR analyses were employed to study the micron morphology, surface elements, and structure of the nanocomposite. Thermal analysis was also conducted with DSC-IR technology. The thermal decomposition gas products of the nanocomposite were detected and recorded as dynamic IR data as a function of the elapsed time. From the IR spectra collected at different times, the main gas product was determined to be NO2, which was simultaneously accompanied by CO2, CH2O, CH2, and CH fragments.


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