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水生生物学期刊
SJR: 0.227 SNIP: 0.575 CiteScore™: 0.24

ISSN 打印: 0018-8166
ISSN 在线: 1943-5991

水生生物学期刊

DOI: 10.1615/HydrobJ.v46.i5.90
pages 74-90

Freshwater Mollusks in the Exclusion Zone of the Chernobyl NPS: Dynamics of Radionuclide Content, Dose Loads, and Cytogenetic and Hematological Investigations

D. I. Gudkov
Institute of Hydrobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv
Ye. V. Dzyubenko
Institute of Hydrobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine
A. B. Nazarov
"Chernobyl Radioecological Center", State Specialized Scientific-Manufacturing Enterprise, Ministry of Extraordinary Situations of Ukraine, Chernobyl, Ukraine
A. Ye. Kaglyan
Institute of Hydrobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev
V. G. Klenus
Institute of Hydrobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev

ABSTRACT

Dynamics of 90Sr, 137Cs, and transuranium elements accumulation in freshwater Bivalvia of the exclusion zone of the Chernobyl NPS were analyzed in 1995−2008. Results of the assessment of dose loads, frequency of chromosome aberrations, and hemolymph composition in Lymnaea stagnalis are presented. The capacity of the absorbed dose was registered within the range from 0.3 to 85.0 μGr/hour. A rather high frequency of chromosome aberrations (to 27%) in the tissues of embryos, as well as changes in hematological indices in the adult specimens of mollusks, was registered in the closed water bodies.


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