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DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.2018028397
pages 1061-1080

EFFECTS OF CHEMICAL REACTION ON THIRD-GRADE MHD FLUID FLOW UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER WITH VARIABLE REACTIVE INDEX

Ambreen Afsar Khan
Department of Mathematics & Statistics, FBAS, IIU, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
Syeda Rida Bukhari
Department of Mathematics & Statistics, FBAS, IIUI, Islamabad, Pakistan
Marin Marin
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Transilvania University of Brasov, 500093 Brasov, Romania
Rahmat Ellahi
Center for Modeling & Computer Simulation, Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran-31261, Saudi Arabia; Department of Mathematics and Statistics, FBAS, IIUI, Islamabad, Pakistan

ABSTRACT

In this work, third-grade magnetohydrodynamic fluid with variable thermal conductivity and chemical reaction over an exponentially stretching surface is examined. Effects of heat and mass transfer with heat source and sink are also analyzed. The analytical solutions are obtained by means of the homotopy analysis method (HAM). Convergence analysis of established solutions is also proposed. The physical interpretation of emerging parameters for velocity, temperature, and concentration profiles are presented by graphical and tabular illustrations. It is found that a rise in the magnetic parameter leads to a reduction in the thickness of boundary layer, whereas the reverse scenario is noticed for the case of heat sink and source.

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