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传热学

DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.v38.i3.20
pages 211-221

Kinetics of Boiling-up of a Gassed Liquid

V. G. Baidakov
Institute of Thermophysics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, Russia
Aleksey M. Kaverin
Institute of Thermal Physics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Amundsen Street, 107a, Ekaterinburg, 620016, Russia
G. Sh. Boltachev
Institute of Thermal Physics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

ABSTRACT

A theory of the spontaneous boiling-up of supersaturated liquid solutions, which allows for all major factors limiting growth of a nucleus, such as volatility of solution components, viscous and inertial forces, and diffusional supply of a substance to the bubble, is proposed. Two approaches to determining the work of critical nucleus formation, based on the Gibbs method of diving surfaces and the Van der Waals theory of capillarity, are reviewed. Experimental data on the kinetics of boiling-up of nitrogen-helium and oxygen-helium solutions are presented. The results of the experiments are compared to the theoretical approaches to the problem of nucleation in gassed liquids, developed by the authors.


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