图书馆订阅: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell 数字图书馆 电子图书 期刊 参考文献及会议录 研究收集
生物医学工程评论综述™
SJR: 0.26 SNIP: 0.375 CiteScore™: 1.4

ISSN 打印: 0278-940X
ISSN 在线: 1943-619X

生物医学工程评论综述™

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v36.i2-3.20
pages 93-125

The Biomechanics of Upper Extremity Kinematic and Kinetic Modeling: Applications to Rehabilitation Engineering

Brooke A. Slavens
Marquette University
Gerald F. Harris
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Engineering Center, Marquette University/Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Director of Orthopaedic Research, Medical College of Wisconsin

ABSTRACT

Human motion analysis has evolved from the lower extremity to the upper extremity. Rehabilitation engineering is reliant upon three-dimensional biome-chanical models for a thorough understanding of upper body motions and forces in order to improve treatment methods, rehabilitation strategies and to prevent injury. Due to the complex nature of upper body movements, a standard biomechanical model does not exist. This paper reviews several kinematic and kinetic rehabilitation engineering models from the literature. These models may capture a single joint; multijoints such as the shoulder, elbow and wrist; or a combination of joints and an ambulatory aid, which serves as the extension of the upper arm. With advances in software and hardware, new models continuously arise due to the clinical questions at hand. When designing a biomechanical upper extremity model, several key components must be determined. These include deciding on the anatomic segments of the model, the number of markers and placement on bony landmarks, the definition of joint coordinate systems, and the description of the joint motions. It is critical to apply the proper model to further our understanding of pathologic populations.


Articles with similar content:

The Biomechanics of ACL Injury: Progresses toward Prophylactic Strategies
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering, Vol.41, 2013, issue 4-5
Chen-Hua Yeow, Luis Carlos Hernandez Barraza, Jin-Huat Low, Gokula Krishnan. R
A Kinematic Approach to Understanding Performance in Upper-Extremity Function during a Goal-Directed Man−Machine Interface Task in a Submariner Environment
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering, Vol.44, 2016, issue 4
D. R. Peterson, T. Deleon-Nwaha
Quality of Life and Community Reintegration Metrics in Spinal Cord Injury Patients
Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal, Vol.5, 2014, issue 1
Konstantinos Soultanis, George Tzanos, Panayiotis J. Papagelopoulos, Evanthia Mitsiokapa, loannis-Alexandros Tzanos, Konstantinos Vlasis, Andreas F. Mavrogenis
Preface: Challenges in Rehabilitation
Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.31, 2019, issue 2
Markad V. Kamath, Rajani Mullerpatan
MACROSCOPIC MUSCULAR MODELING BASED ON IN VIVO 4D RADIOLOGY
International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering, Vol.10, 2012, issue 2
Hans-Florian Zeilhofer, Luigi Gallo, Martin Mack, Britt-Isabelle Berg, Robert Sader, Maike Sturmat, Joerg Rieger, Cornelia Kober, Markus Boel