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国际不确定性的量化期刊
影响因子: 3.259 5年影响因子: 2.547 SJR: 0.531 SNIP: 0.8 CiteScore™: 1.52

ISSN 打印: 2152-5080
ISSN 在线: 2152-5099

Open Access

国际不确定性的量化期刊

DOI: 10.1615/Int.J.UncertaintyQuantification.2019026974
Forthcoming Article

Robust Uncertainty Quantification using Response Surface Approximations of Discontinuous Functions

Timothy Wildey
Sandia National Labs
Alex Gorodetsky
University of Michigan, Department of Aerospace Engineering
Anca Belme
Sorbonne Universite, CNRS
John Shadid
Sandia National Laboratories

ABSTRACT

This paper considers response surface approximations for discontinuous quantities of interest. Our objective is not to adaptively characterize the manifold defining the discontinuity. Instead, we utilize an epistemic description of the uncertainty in the location of a discontinuity to produce robust bounds on sample-based estimates of probabilistic quantities of interest. We demonstrate that two common machine learning strategies for classification, one based on nearest neighbors (Voronoi cells) and one based on support vector machines, provide reasonable descriptions of the region where the discontinuity may reside. In higher dimensional spaces, we demonstrate that support vector machines are more accurate for discontinuities defined by smooth manifolds. We also show how gradient information, often available via adjoint-based approaches, can be used to define indicators to effectively detect a discontinuity and to decompose the samples into clusters using an unsupervised learning technique. Numerical results demonstrate the epistemic bounds on probabilistic quantities of interest for simplistic models and for a compressible fluid model with a shock-induced discontinuity.