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雾化与喷雾
影响因子: 1.262 5年影响因子: 1.518 SJR: 0.814 SNIP: 1.18 CiteScore™: 1.6

ISSN 打印: 1044-5110
ISSN 在线: 1936-2684

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雾化与喷雾

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.v17.i4.30
pages 347-380

CHARACTERIZATION OF SPLASH-PLATE ATOMIZERS USING NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS

Mohammad P. Fard
Simulent Inc., Toronto, Canada and Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
Denise Levesque
ALSTOM Canada Inc., Ottawa, Canada
Stuart Morrison
ALSTOM Canada Inc., Ottawa, Canada
Nasser Ashgriz
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

ABSTRACT

A computational model has been developed that can be used for the spray characterization of splash-plate atomizers. The computer model, called BLSpray, can accurately simulate the impingement of a liquid jet on the surface of a splash-plate nozzle, as well as the formation of the liquid film and subsequent droplets. To validate the model, simulation results were compared to experimental measurements for the film thickness and velocity distributions in a typical splash-plate nozzle. Close agreement between numerical results and measurements validated the model and its underlying assumptions. Correlations were developed between liquid film characteristics at the nozzle exit and the spray mean drop sizes. This was done by running many different numerical simulations on a typical splash-plate nozzle using the developed computer code. The correlations were obtained by performing a close inspection of the numerical results in order to extract all information regarding the liquid film and spray. The results of the developed code were combined with the correlations to get the spray drop size distribution in a more practical approach, with less computational time and effort. This capability, along with the program module developed for analyzing the output data, has turned the developed code into an efficient and practical tool in the design and characterization of splash-plate nozzles. The developed computer model can be used to predict the behavior of a flow into a nozzle at different operating conditions, and also as a tool in the design of new nozzles. This paper presents mathematical formulations, results of model validation, and the spray drop size distribution for a typical ALSTOM splash-plate nozzle. Also, the effect of some of the main parameters on the spray pattern, such as nozzle diameter, nozzle angle, and nozzle velocity, are investigated.


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