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雾化与喷雾
影响因子: 1.262 5年影响因子: 1.518 SJR: 0.814 SNIP: 1.18 CiteScore™: 1.6

ISSN 打印: 1044-5110
ISSN 在线: 1936-2684

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雾化与喷雾

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.v8.i5.10
pages 479-502

EFFECT OF PIEZOELECTRIC TRANSDUCER MODULATION ON LIQUID SHEET DISINTEGRATION

I-Ping Chung
Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, U.S.A.
Cary Presser
NIST
John L. Dressler
Fluid Jet Associates, Dayton, Ohio, U.S.A.

ABSTRACT

A stroboscope photographic technique was used to investigate the mechanism associated with the disintegration of a conical liquid sheet that is modulated by a piezoelectric driver. The effects of fluid viscosity, driving frequency, and input perturbation power were characterized with respect to the sheet breakup length. The experimental results indicate that the breakup length decreases with increasing input modulation power only at resonant frequencies. This effect is attributed to waves imposed along the liquid sheet surface that amplify wave-mode and rim-mode disintegration, and assist in liquid sheet breakup. The wavelength generated by the modulation was found to depend on the driving frequency and fluid density. The resonant driving frequency is affected slightly by the fluid density. For our experimental arrangement, an optimum driving frequency, for which the liquid breakup length is a minimum, was found to occur at about 10 kHz. Increasing the liquid viscosity impedes the spray development and lengthens the sheet disintegration. Modulation enhances the disintegration of lower-viscosity fluids but is less effective for higher-viscosity fluids. Higher input modulation power enhances disintegration. The relationship between the breakup length and the modulation power is consistent with the analytical solution suggested by Clark and Dombrowski [1] for breakup of an inviscid two-dimensional flat sheet.


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