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真核基因表达评论综述™
影响因子: 1.841 5年影响因子: 1.927 SJR: 0.649 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN 打印: 1045-4403
ISSN 在线: 2162-6502

真核基因表达评论综述™

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukaryotGeneExpr.2015013978
pages 259-268

Roles of Protein N-Myristoylation and Translational Medicine Applications

Mengmeng Xu
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Environment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing, China
Longxiang Xie
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Environment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, Key Laboratory of Ecoenvironments in Three Gorges Reservoir Region, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing 400715, China
Zhaoxiao Yu
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Environment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Beibei, Chongqing, China
Jianping Xie
Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Three Gorges Eco-Environment and Bioresources, Eco-Environment Key Laboratory of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Southwest Uni

ABSTRACT

Protein N-myristoylation is a ubiquitous cotranslational and posttranslational modification catalyzed by myristoyl CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase (NMT), which attaches myristate, a rare 14-carbon saturated fatty acid, to an N-terminal glycine of some eukaryotic and virus proteins. This protein modification triggers dynamic protein−protein and protein−membrane interactions implicated in diverse physiological processes. This review summarizes the NMT catalytic mechanism and demyristoylation. Of special interest are the primary roles of N-myristoylated protein in signaling, protein targeting, tumorigenesis, apoptosis, virus assembly, and morphology change, as well as the regulation of N-myristoylation and NMT inhibitors.


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