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真核基因表达评论综述™
影响因子: 1.841 5年影响因子: 1.927 SJR: 0.649 SNIP: 0.516 CiteScore™: 1.96

ISSN 打印: 1045-4403
ISSN 在线: 2162-6502

真核基因表达评论综述™

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevEukarGeneExpr.v21.i2.40
pages 143-153

Molecular Parameters of Head and Neck Cancer Metastasis

Sanjay L. Bhave
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University Medical Center; Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus OH 43210
Theodoras N. Teknos
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University Medical Center; Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH 43210
Quintin Pan
The Ohio State University Medical Center

ABSTRACT

Metastasis remains a major cause of mortality in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). HNSCC patients with metastatic disease have extremely poor prognoses, with an average survival rate of less than a year. Metastasis is an intricate sequential process that requires a discrete population of tumor cells to possess the capacity to intravasate from the primary tumor into systemic circulation, survive in circulation, extravasate at a distant site, and proliferate in a foreign, hostile environment. Literature has accumulated to provide mechanistic insight into several signal transduction pathways, receptor tyro-sine kinases (RTKs), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3), Rho GTPases, protein kinase Cε (PKCsε), and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), that are involved in mediating a metastatic tumor cell phenotype in HN-SCC. Herein we highlight accrued information regarding the key molecular parameters of HNSCC metastasis.