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国际药用蘑菇期刊
影响因子: 1.423 5年影响因子: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN 打印: 1521-9437
ISSN 在线: 1940-4344

国际药用蘑菇期刊

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2018025821
pages 283-290

Antiatherogenic Potential of Extracts from the Gray Oyster Medicinal Mushroom, Pleurotus pulmonarius (Agaricomycetes), In Vitro

Mohamad Hamdi Zainal Abidin
Mushroom Research Centre, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Noorlidah Abdullah
Mushroom Research Centre, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Nurhayati Zainal Abidin
Mushroom Research Centre, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

This study evaluates the in vitro inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA) by Pleurotus pulmonarius extracts. The protective effect on the endothelial membrane against oxidative stress through the protection of nitric oxide bioavailability, as well as inhibition of endocan expression, was evaluated using human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Crude cold aqueous extract exhibited the most potent inhibitory activities against ACE and HMG-CoA reductase, with 61.79% and 44.30% inhibition, respectively. It also protected the bioavailability of NO released by HAECs, with 84.88% cell viability. The crude hot water extract was the most potent in inhibiting endocan expression, with 18.61% inhibition.