图书馆订阅: Guest
Begell Digital Portal Begell 数字图书馆 电子图书 期刊 参考文献及会议录 研究收集
国际药用蘑菇期刊
影响因子: 1.423 5年影响因子: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN 打印: 1521-9437
ISSN 在线: 1940-4344

国际药用蘑菇期刊

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v7.i12.260
pages 281-300

Farming Technology, Biochemistry Characterization, and Protective Effects of Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms Agaricus brasiliensis S.Wasser et al. and Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Singer: Five Years of Research in Brazil

Augusto Ferreira da Eira
Department of Plant Production, Agriculture Microbiology, FCA/UNESP, Botucatu, SP, Brazil
Ramon Kaneno
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Bioscience of Botucatu/UNESP, P.O. Box 510, ZC 18618-000, Botucatu, SP, Brazil
Edson Rodrigues Filho
Department of Chemistry, UFSCAR, P.O. Box 676, ZC 13565-905 São Carlos, SP, Brazil
Luis Fernando Barbisan
Department of Morphology, IBB/UNESP, ZC 18618-000, Botucatu, SP, Brazil
Sergio Florentino Pascholati
Department of Entomology, Plant Pathology and Zoology, ESALQ/USP, P.O. Box 09, ZC 13418-900 Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
Robson M. Di Piero
Crop Science Department, UFSC, P.O. Box 476, ZC 88040-900, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil
Daisy Maria Favero Salvadori
Department of Pathology, TOXICAN, FMB/UNESP, ZC 18618-000 Botucatu, SP
Patricia Lepage Alves de Lima
Department of Pathology, TOXICAN, FMB/UNESP, ZC 18618-000 Botucatu, SP
Lucia Regina Ribeiro
Department of Pathology, TOXICAN, FMB/UNESP, ZC 18618-000 Botucatu, SP

ABSTRACT

The biotechnology, biochemical characterization, and protective effects of the himematsutake and shiitake mushrooms were studied for the Thematic Project, from 1998 to 2003. A new species, Agaricus brasiliensis Wasser et al. (= A. blazei Murrill ss. Heinem.), was proposed for the cultivated lineages in Brazil. Interactions among lineages, substrates, casing layers, and fructification inductions (temperature alternations) significantly increased the productivity of A. brasiliensis in Brazil (from 40 g to 200 g of fresh mushroom kg−1 moist compost). However, pests and diseases (mainly Sciaridae flies and "false truffle"), drastically reduced the productivity of A. brasiliensis (below 50 g kg−1). Biochemically for each mushroom species, the polar extracts, no polars, and medium polarity presented the same organic substances; however, their concentrations differed as a result of the lineages, maturation of the fruit bodies, and cultivation conditions. In this aspect, concentration of linoleic acid in A. brasiliensis (added to animal food) was related directly to the chemical protection against carcinogenic drugs in mice. Aqueous extracts of Lentinus edodes (= Lentinula edodes (Berk.) Pegler) and A. brasiliensis may be preventive chemical protectors against mutagenic and carcinogenic drugs, depending on the lineage and extraction method (tea or juice). However, immunomodulator effects and tumor reduction were only observed with concentrated fractions (hexanic, methanolic, and ATF extracts). Aqueous extracts of A. brasiliensis and L. edodes have antibiotic-like substances and substances able to act as elicitors of resistance responses in some plants (local and systemic) and show a potential to be used in the alternative control of plant pathogens.


Articles with similar content:

Physiological and Chemical Variations in the Cultivated Culinary-Medicinal Maitake Mushroom Grifola frondosa (Dicks.: Fr.)S.F. Gray (Aphyllophoromycetideae) in Conjunction with Strain, Substrate, and Technical Treatments
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.6, 2004, issue 3
Eliane Abou-Mansour, Francois Gillet, Isabelle Schiff Giovannini, Daniel Job
Medicinal Mushrooms: A New Source for Breast Cancer Therapeutics
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Roumyana D. Petrova, Cvetomir M. Denchev, Jamal A. Mahajna
Extracts of Medicinal Mushrooms Agaricus bisporus and Phellinus linteus Induce Proapoptotic Effects in the Human Leukemia Cell Line K562
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.12, 2010, issue 2
Leonardus Johannes Lambertus Donatus Van Griensven, Alla V. Shnyreva, Wei Song
Bioactive Components in Button Mushroom Agaricus bisporus (J. Lge) Imbach (Agaricomycetideae) of Nutritional, Medicinal, and Biological Importance (Review)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.5, 2003, issue 4
Robert B. Beelman, Naveen Chikthimmah, Daniel J. Royse
The Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Lion's Mane Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom, Hericium erinaceus (Higher Basidiomycetes) in a Coculture System of 3T3-L1 Adipocytes and RAW264 Macrophages
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.17, 2015, issue 7
Noriyasu Hirasawa, Kenji Ouchi, Koichiro Mori