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国际药用蘑菇期刊
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ISSN 打印: 1521-9437
ISSN 在线: 1940-4344

国际药用蘑菇期刊

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2017024383
pages 949-955

Ethnomycological and Nutritional Analyses of Some Wild Edible Mushrooms from Western Himalayas, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (Pakistan)

Tariq Saiff Ullah
Department of Botany, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
Syeda Sadiqa Firdous
Department of Botany, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
Ansar Mehmood
Department of Botany, University of Poonch Rawalakot, Rawalakot, Pakistan
Hamayun Shaheen
Department of Botany, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Ejaz Ul Islam Dar
Department of Botany, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan

ABSTRACT

Mushrooms have had a long association with humankind and have great biological and economic effects. This study aimed to record ethnomycological and nutritional analysis of some edible mushrooms from the Western Himalayas (Neelum Valley), Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Mushrooms from different taxonomical and ecological groups were collected and properly identified with the help of the available literature: Morchella esculenta, M. crassipes, M. elata, M. conica, Pleurotus ostreatus, Lycoperdon gemmatum, Helvella crispa, Tricholoma megnivelare, Gyrometra esculenta, Agaricus campestris, Hydnum imbricatum, and Sparassis crispa. The local communities are familiar with the morphological features, habitats, and qualities of these mushrooms. Ethnomycological data were collected through the use of a questionnaire; we found that these species have great medicinal value against different ailments. Four species (A. campestris, H. imbricatum, P. ostreatus, and S. crispa) were selected for nutritional analysis (proteins, fats, fiber, and moisture) on the basis of their frequent use in the study area. The largest amounts of protein (1.627 and 1.493 mg/mL) were found in H. imbricatum and S. crispa, respectively. The largest amount of fiber was found in P. ostreatus (14%); S. crispa contains the largest amount of fat (12.7%).


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