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国际药用蘑菇期刊
影响因子: 1.423 5年影响因子: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN 打印: 1521-9437
ISSN 在线: 1940-4344

国际药用蘑菇期刊

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v15.i3.80
pages 315-323

Comparative Study of Contents of Several Bioactive Components in Fruiting Bodies and Mycelia of Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms

Shin-Yi Lin
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China; NCHU-UCD Plant and Food Biotechnology Program, Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China; Agricultural Biotechnology Center, NCHU, Taiwan, R.O.C
Yu-Kai Chen
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China
Hui-Tzu Yu
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung; NCHU-UCD Plant and Food Biotechnology Program, Biotechnology Center, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan
Gayane S. Barseghyan
Institute of Evolution and Department of Evolutionary & Environmental Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa, Mt. Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel; 433, rue de la Noue, Verdun (Montreal), QC, H3E 1R9, Canada
Mikheil D. Asatiani
Animal Husbandry and Feed Production Institute Agricultural University of Georgia, 240 David Agmashenebeli Alley, 0159 Tbilisi, Georgia
Solomon P. Wasser
International Centre for Biotechnology and Biodiversity of Fungi Institute of Evolution and Faculty of Natural Sciences University of Haifa, Mt. Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel
Jeng-Leun Mau
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, No. 145 Hsing-Da Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan

ABSTRACT

Mushrooms (including fruiting bodies and mycelia) contain several bioactive components such as lovastatin, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and ergothioneine. This article reports the results of 49 samples, including 9 fruiting bodies, 39 mycelia, and 1 vegetative cell, of 35 species of culinary-medicinal mushrooms from 18 genera: Agaricus, Agrocybe, Coprinus, Cordyceps, Cyathus, Daedalia, Flammulina, Fomes, Ganoderma, Grifola, Laetiporus, Lentinus, Morchella, Ophiocordyceps, Pleurotus, Trametes, Tremella, and Verpa. The results show that Cyathus striatus strain 978 contained the highest amount of lovastatin (995.66 mg/kg) in mycelia. Among fruiting bodies, 6 samples contained a high amount of GABA (274.86−822.45 mg/kg), whereas among mycelia, contents of GABA in 27 samples ranged from 215.36 to 2811.85 mg/kg. Among mycelia, Pleurotus cornucopiae strain 1101 contained the highest amount of ergothioneine (3482.09 mg/kg). Overall, these 3 bioactive components were commonly found in most mushrooms, and the results obtained might be related to their beneficial effects.