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身体康复医学评论综述
SJR: 0.121 SNIP: 0.228 CiteScore™: 0.17

ISSN 打印: 0896-2960
ISSN 在线: 2162-6553

身体康复医学评论综述

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v13.i4.10
17 pages

Pulmonary Rehabilitation: A Physiological and Psychological Perspective

Rachel Garrod
School of Physiotherapy, Kingston University, St. George’s Hospital Medical School, Cranmer Terrace, Tooting, London, SW17 ORE, UK
Janine Bestall
School of Physiotherapy, Kingston University, St. George’s Hospital Medical School, Cranmer Terrace, Tooting, London, SW17 ORE, UK

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary rehabilitation is a package of physical training and psychosocial education aimed at maximizing the functioning and independence of patients with respiratory disease. There is strong evidence to support the efficacy of pulmonary rehabilitation in improving exercise tolerance, health-related quality of life, and dyspnea. More recent studies suggest that pulmonary rehabilitaton is also a cost-effective therapy with an impact on hospitalization days for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The package of care is tailored to the indivudals' needs, targeting both physical impairment and psychological factors. This review provides a broad insight into the role of pulmonary rehabilitation and addresses the pertinent issues from a physiological and psychosocial perspective.