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Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
SJR: 0.468 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.65

ISSN Druckformat: 1072-8325
ISSN Online: 1940-431X

Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.2016016096
pages 281-307

INDIVIDUAL AND NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS OF RACE/ETHNICITY AND SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS ON PARTICIPATION AND PERFORMANCE IN COLLEGE CALCULUS

Gerhard Sonnert
Science Education Department, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138
Melissa D. Barnett
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Building E39-207, Cambridge, MA 02139
Philip M. Sadler
Science Education Department, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138

ABSTRAKT

College calculus is a crucial gateway course for young persons wishing to pursue a career in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, as well as in other fields, such as medicine and business. Combining data from the 2000 U.S. Census and from a national study of more than 10,000 students in 336 college calculus courses at 134 U.S. institutions, this study addressed the question to what extent the racial/ethnic and socioeconomic composition of the young persons' neighborhood (operationalized here as the students' home ZIP code) influenced their participation and performance in college calculus. It found that, even after controlling for the effects of the students' own race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status, both racial/ethnic and socioeconomic neighborhood characteristics had additional impacts on students' participation in college calculus. By contrast, only personal racial/ethnic and socioeconomic effects, but no neighborhood effects, were detected on the students' calculus performance.


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