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Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering
SJR: 0.468 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.65

ISSN Druckformat: 1072-8325
ISSN Online: 1940-431X

Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/JWomenMinorScienEng.2015010814
pages 47-85

EXAMINING FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE SUCCESS OF WOMEN IN MATHEMATICS DOCTORAL PROGRAMS

Emily Miller
University of Delaware, 203 Willard Hall Education Building, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA

ABSTRAKT

Although the gender gap in participation in undergraduate mathematics has narrowed, disparities continue at the doctoral level. In 2006, only 30% of doctorates in mathematics were awarded to women. Therefore, it is critical to study the factors that are associated with the success of women in doctoral mathematics programs. A survey was distributed to female mathematics professors at prestigious U.S. universities asking them to assess the impact of 18 factors that could have contributed to their success. Results show a high degree of agreement among 142 participants, and point to changeable factors that can be implemented to narrow the gender gap. Salient factors include persistence and dedication, strong undergraduate preparation and quality doctoral courses, and support from the doctoral advisor. Findings also indicate that those who received their undergraduate mathematics training in the United States are more likely to report that weak preparation detracted from their ability to be successful than their international peers. Open-ended responses show that gender still has an impact on the experiences of the participants, but there may be reason for optimism. Respondents who received their doctorates more recently reported less gender discrimination.


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