Abo Bibliothek: Guest
Digitales Portal Digitale Bibliothek eBooks Zeitschriften Referenzen und Berichte Forschungssammlungen
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion
ESCI SJR: 0.28 SNIP: 0.421 CiteScore™: 0.9

ISSN Druckformat: 2150-766X
ISSN Online: 2150-7678

International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion

DOI: 10.1615/IntJEnergeticMaterialsChemProp.2014011402
pages 479-494

LOW-POWER LASER IGNITION OF ALUMINUM/METAL OXIDE NANOTHERMITES

Catalin Florin Petre
Defence Research and Development Canada – Valcartier, Québec, QC, G3J 1X5, Canada
Daniel Chamberland
Defence Research and Development Canada – Valcartier, Québec, QC, G3J 1X5, Canada
Tommy Ringuette
Numerica Technologies Inc., Québec (QC), G3J 1X5, Canada
Sophie Ringuette
Defence R&D Canada-Valcartier, Quebec City, Quebec G3J1X5, Canada
Suzanne Paradis
DRDC-Valcartier, Quebec, Canada
Robert Stowe
Defence Research and Development Canada, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, G3J1X5

ABSTRAKT

In this study, three different types of nanothermites, i.e., Al/CuO, MoO3, and Al/Bi2O3, were produced using the widely spread wet (i.e., isopropanol based) method. In addition to the above method, the three nanothermites were also produced using a Resodyn LabRAM mixer. A paraffin-coated spherical Al nanopowder (100 nm) was used as the fuel source, while the oxidizers were nanometric powders of CuO (40 nm), MoO3 (100 nm), and Bi2O3 (200 nm). The effect of nanothermite composition on the sensitivity for the tests of electrostatic discharge (ESD), impact, and friction was investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to analyze the morphology and homogeneity of the nanothermites. Next, the nanothermites were thermally analyzed in terms of energy release, ignition temperature, and flame temperature using a thermogravimetric analysis differential and scanning calorimetry (TGA/DSC) technique. A low-power diode laser was used to evaluate the ability of different laser wavelengths (661, 532, and 445 nm) to produce the ignition energy needed for a specific thermite reaction. Low ignition delays (less than 15 ms) were obtained at approximately 300 mW laser power output for both Al/MoO3 and Al/Bi2O3 thermites. Finally, a forward-looking infrared camera was used to estimate the ignition and burning temperatures of the Al/MoO3 nanothermite.


Articles with similar content:

DETAILED ANALYSIS OF COMBUSTION PROCESS OF A SINGLE ALUMINUM PARTICLE IN AIR USING AN IMPROVED EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.17, 2018, issue 2
Stany Gallier, Alexandre Braconnier, Christian Chauveau, Fabien Halter
ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY COMPOSITE PROPELLANTS BASED ON AMMONIUM DINITRAMIDE
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.18, 2019, issue 1
Claudio Tagliabue, Volker Weiser, Volker Gettwert, Sven Hafner, Sebastian Fischer
THERMOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND LASER-IGNITION PERFORMANCE OF Al/CuMoO4, Al/CuO/MoO3, Al/CuO AND Al/MoO3 NANOTHERMITES
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.17, 2018, issue 4
Daniel Chamberland, David G. Kelly, Tommy Ringuette, Catalin Florin Petre
PARAFFIN-BASED SOLID FUELS FOR HYBRID PROPULSION FILLED WITH LITHIUM ALUMINUM HYDRIDE: THERMAL, MECHANICAL, AND BALLISTIC CHARACTERIZATION
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.15, 2016, issue 6
Matteo Boiocchi, Luca Di Landro, Luciano Galfetti
TRANSITION METAL NANO-ALLOYS: POTENTIAL CATALYST FOR THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE
International Journal of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, Vol.15, 2016, issue 5
Pravin Ram, Pragnesh N. Dave, Shalini Chaturvedi, Nikul N. Patel