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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
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ISSN Druckformat: 1040-8401
ISSN Online: 2162-6472

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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v26.i1.40
pages 81-96

Immune Defects in Fanconi Anemia

Sara R. Fagerlie
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Clinical Research Division, Transplantation Biology Program, Seattle, WA
Grover C. Bagby
The Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, The Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) Cancer Institute; The Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Portland, OR

ABSTRAKT

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disorder characterized by sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents, multiple congenital anomalies, progressive bone marrow failure, and an increased prevalence of malignancy. The nature of chromosomal instability in FA is better understood today than in the past, but the molecular pathogenesis of bone marrow failure in this disease has not been clarified. Although there is documented evidence that FA hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) have inherent defects that reduce their survival, the potential influence of auxiliary cells on the ability of the FA bone marrow microenvironment to maintain and support HSC in unknown. Historically, FA has not been represented as a disease that affects the lymphoid compartment. In this article we review the results of studies that suggest that the FA immune system is dysfunctional and may contribute to the pathogenesis of both FA bone marrow failure and neoplastic disease.


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