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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
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ISSN Druckformat: 1040-8401
ISSN Online: 2162-6472

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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.2017018803
pages 379-394

Immunometabolic Signaling Pathways Contribute to Macrophage and Dendritic Cell Function

Lucas T. Jennelle
Department of Microbiology, Beirne B. Carter Center for Immunology Research, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Aditya P. Dandekar
Department of Microbiology, Beirne B. Carter Center for Immunology Research, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Tshifhiwa Magoro
Department of Microbiology, Beirne B. Carter Center for Immunology Research, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Young S. Hahn
Department of Microbiology, Beirne B. Carter Center for Immunology Research, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA

ABSTRAKT

Understanding of antigen-presenting cell (APC) participation in tissue inflammation and metabolism has advanced through numerous studies using systems biology approaches. Previously unrecognized connections between these research areas have been elucidated in the context of inflammatory disease involving innate and adaptive immune responses. A new conceptual framework bridges APC biology, metabolism, and cytokines in the generation of effective T-cell responses. Exploring these connections is paramount to addressing the rising tide of multi-organ system diseases, particularly chronic diseases associated with metabolic syndrome, infection, and cancer. Focused research in these areas will aid the development of strategies to harness and manipulate innate immunology to improve vaccine development, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor therapies. This review highlights recent advances in APC "immunometabolism" specifically related to chronic viral and metabolic disease in humans. The goal of this review is to develop an abridged and consolidated outlook on recent thematic updates to APC immunometabolism in the areas of regulation and crosstalk between metabolic and inflammatory signaling and the integrated stress response and how these signals dictate APC function in providing T-cell activation Signal 3.


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