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Journal of Porous Media
Impact-faktor: 1.49 5-jähriger Impact-Faktor: 1.159 SJR: 0.43 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN Druckformat: 1091-028X
ISSN Online: 1934-0508

Volumes:
Volumen 22, 2019 Volumen 21, 2018 Volumen 20, 2017 Volumen 19, 2016 Volumen 18, 2015 Volumen 17, 2014 Volumen 16, 2013 Volumen 15, 2012 Volumen 14, 2011 Volumen 13, 2010 Volumen 12, 2009 Volumen 11, 2008 Volumen 10, 2007 Volumen 9, 2006 Volumen 8, 2005 Volumen 7, 2004 Volumen 6, 2003 Volumen 5, 2002 Volumen 4, 2001 Volumen 3, 2000 Volumen 2, 1999 Volumen 1, 1998

Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v13.i2.30
pages 111-124

POROUS STRUCTURE AND HYDRIC PROPERTIES OF COB

Florence Collet
Laboratoire de Génie Civil et Génie Mécanique, Equipe Matériaux Thermo-Rhéologie, Universite Européenne de Bretagne, 35704 Rennes
Marjorie Bart
Laboratoire de Génie Civil et Génie Mécanique, Equipe Matériaux Thermo-Rhéologie, Universite Européenne de Bretagne, 35704 Rennes
Laurent Serres
Laboratoire de Génie Civil et Génie Mécanique, Equipe Matériaux Thermo-Rhéologie, Universite Européenne de Bretagne, 35704 Rennes
Jacques Miriel
Laboratoire de Génie Mécanique et de Génie Civil (LGMGC) de l'IUT Saint Malo et de l'INSA de Rennes 1

ABSTRAKT

The aim of this work is to determine porous structure and hydric properties of cob, a local traditional material of the Rennes basin in Brittany (France) that is now used in low-energy buildings for its hygrothermal properties: this material shows low thermal conductivity (0.4 W m−1 K−1), high thermal capacity (815 J kg−1 K−1), and is said to bean efficient hydric regulator. This material, made of clay and reinforced with animal or vegetal fibers, is traditionally pressed in situ. Nowadays, manually compacted blocks of cob are prefabricated and are stabilized with a low quantity of cement (3% to 5% of clay mass). In this work, porous structure and hydric properties are investigated experimentally. The pore size distribution is measured by mercury porosimetry. Water vapor sorption isotherm (adsorption and desorption) and water vapor permeability are investigated by measuring weight differences according to time at 23° C. Then, porous structure and hydric properties are coupled in a theoretical study. The pore size distribution is computed from water vapor sorption. The specific surface area is then computed from mercury porosimetry and from water vapor sorption isotherm. From water vapor sorption and permeability measures, the water vapor diffusivity is evaluated.


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