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Journal of Porous Media
Impact-faktor: 1.49 5-jähriger Impact-Faktor: 1.159 SJR: 0.43 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN Druckformat: 1091-028X
ISSN Online: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v8.i1.20
pages 13-30

Numerical Solution of Turbulent Channel Flow Past a Backward-Facing Step with a Porous Insert Using Linear and Nonlinear k-ε Models

Marcelo Assato
Instituto de Aeronáutica e Espaço - IAE, Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia Aeroespacial - DCTA, São José dos Campos – SP, 1228-904, Brazil
Marcos H. J. Pedras
Instituto de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento—IP&D, Universidade do Vale do Paraiba—UNIVAP, 12244-000—Sao Jose dos Campos—SP, Brazil
Marcelo J. S. de Lemos
Departamento de Energia – IEME, Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica – ITA,12228-900 São José dos Campos SP, Brazil
Head of Departamento de Energia (http://mec.ita.br/energia/)Head of Computational Transport Phenomena Laboratory (http://lcft.mec.ita.br/


This work presents a numerical investigation of turbulent flow past a backward-facing-step channel with a porous insert using linear and nonlinear eddy viscosity macroscopic models. The nonlinear turbulence models are known to perform better than classical eddy-diffusivity models due to their ability to simulate important characteristics of the flow. Turbulence-driven secondary motion and the effects of streamline curvature on turbulence cannot be fully accounted for with simpler isotropic models. Parameters such as porosity, permeability, and thickness of the porous insert are varied in order to analyze their effects on the flow pattern, particularly on the damping of the recirculating bubble after the porous insertion. The numerical technique employed for discretizing the governing equations is the control-volume method. The SIMPLE algorithm is used to correct the pressure field. The classical wall function is utilized in order to handle flow calculation near the wall. Comparisons of results simulated with both linear and nonlinear turbulence models are shown.