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Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.207 SNIP: 0.376 CiteScore™: 0.79

ISSN Druckformat: 0278-940X
ISSN Online: 1943-619X

Volumes:
Volumen 47, 2019 Volumen 46, 2018 Volumen 45, 2017 Volumen 44, 2016 Volumen 43, 2015 Volumen 42, 2014 Volumen 41, 2013 Volumen 40, 2012 Volumen 39, 2011 Volumen 38, 2010 Volumen 37, 2009 Volumen 36, 2008 Volumen 35, 2007 Volumen 34, 2006 Volumen 33, 2005 Volumen 32, 2004 Volumen 31, 2003 Volumen 30, 2002 Volumen 29, 2001 Volumen 28, 2000 Volumen 27, 1999 Volumen 26, 1998 Volumen 25, 1997 Volumen 24, 1996 Volumen 23, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v37.i4-5.10
pages 283-320

Molecular Aspects of Cardiac Differentiation in Embryonic Stem Cells

Prasenjit Sarkar
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA
Balaji M. Rao
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North Carolina State University, USA

ABSTRAKT

Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are culture-adapted pluripotent cells derived from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst-stage embryo. ESCs provide unique opportunities to study the molecular basis of the process of differentiation that gives rise to all the somatic cell types of the body, including cells of the cardiac lineages. Many protocols have been established to obtain cells of the cardiac lineage from ESCs in vitro. More recently, a clearer picture of the regulatory networks governing cardiac differentiation has begun to emerge. Herein, we summarize the current methods to obtain cells of the cardiac lineages from ESCs and present a review of the signaling pathways, transcription factors, and target genes involved in cardiac differentiation.