Abo Bibliothek: Guest
Digitales Portal Digitale Bibliothek eBooks Zeitschriften Referenzen und Berichte Forschungssammlungen
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.26 SNIP: 0.375 CiteScore™: 1.4

ISSN Druckformat: 0278-940X
ISSN Online: 1943-619X

Volumen 48, 2020 Volumen 47, 2019 Volumen 46, 2018 Volumen 45, 2017 Volumen 44, 2016 Volumen 43, 2015 Volumen 42, 2014 Volumen 41, 2013 Volumen 40, 2012 Volumen 39, 2011 Volumen 38, 2010 Volumen 37, 2009 Volumen 36, 2008 Volumen 35, 2007 Volumen 34, 2006 Volumen 33, 2005 Volumen 32, 2004 Volumen 31, 2003 Volumen 30, 2002 Volumen 29, 2001 Volumen 28, 2000 Volumen 27, 1999 Volumen 26, 1998 Volumen 25, 1997 Volumen 24, 1996 Volumen 23, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.2013007887
pages 161-181

Design, Control, and Sensory Feedback of Externally Powered Hand Prostheses: A Literature Review

Aimee Cloutier
Human-Centric Design Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
James Yang
Human-Centric Design Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA


In recent years, there has been a steep rise in the quality of prostheses for patients with upper limb amputations. Researchers have begun to identify methods of making prosthetic hands both functional and cosmetically appealing, in contrast to past designs. Many improvements have occurred because of novel design strategies, such as the use of underactuated mechanisms, which allow for more degrees of freedom (DOF) or help reduce the weight of the prosthesis. The increase in functionality is also due in large part to advancements in control strategies for prosthetic hands. One common control method, using electromyographic (EMG) signals generated by muscle contractions, has allowed for an increase in the DOF of hand designs and a larger number of available grip patterns with little added complexity for the wearer. Another recent improvement in prosthetic hand design instead employs electroneurographic (ENG) signals, requiring an interface directly with the peripheral nervous system (PNS) or the central nervous system (CNS). Despite the recent progress in design and control strategies, however, prosthetic hands are still far more limited than the actual human hand. This review outlines the recent progress in the development of electrode-based prosthetic hands, detailing advancements in the areas of design, sensory feedback, and control through EMG and ENG signals (with a particular focus on interfaces with the PNS). The potential benefits and limitations of both control strategies, in terms of signal classification, invasiveness, and sensory feedback, are discussed. Finally, a brief overview of interfaces with the CNS is provided, and potential future developments for prosthetic hand design are discussed.

Articles with similar content:

Hypoglossal Nerve: Anatomy, Anatomical Variations Comorbidities and Clinical Significance
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants, Vol.29, 2019, issue 3
Paschalis Stratzias, Dimitrios K. Filippou, Katherine Ploumidou, Stavros Angelis, Panagiotis N. Skandalakis, Nikolaos Georgopapadakos, Arezina Manoli, Alexandros P. Apostolopoulos
A Perspective on the Role and Utility of Haptic Feedback in Laparoscopic Skills Training
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering, Vol.42, 2014, issue 3-4
Karen J.L. Burg, Dane E. Smith, Ravikiran Singapogu, Timothy Burg, Amanda H. Eckenrode
Factors Influencing the Long-Term Behavior of Extracellular Matrix-Derived Scaffolds for Musculoskeletal Soft Tissue Repair
Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants, Vol.22, 2012, issue 3
Christopher R. Rowland, Farshid Guilak, Dianne Little
Brain-Machine Interfaces: Electrophysiological Challenges and Limitations
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering, Vol.39, 2011, issue 1
Mijail D. Serruya, Bradley C. Lega, Kareem Zaghloul
Haptic Neurorehabilitation and Virtual Reality for Upper Limb Paralysis: A Review
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering, Vol.44, 2016, issue 1-2
Mounia Ziat, Leah Piggott, Samantha Wagner