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Journal of Flow Visualization and Image Processing
SJR: 0.161 SNIP: 0.312 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Druckformat: 1065-3090
ISSN Online: 1940-4336

Journal of Flow Visualization and Image Processing

DOI: 10.1615/JFlowVisImageProc.2018027194
pages 19-48

MOVING TOWARDS A 5D CARDIAC MODEL

Houneida Sakly
COSMOS Laboratory, National Institute of Computer Sciences, Campus University of Mannouba, Tunisia
Ramzi Mahmoudi
L'IGM, CNRS-UMLV-ESIEE UMR8049 mixed unit, University Paris-Est, Descartes city, BP99, 93162 Noisy Le Grand, France
Mohamed Akil
L'IGM, CNRS-UMLV-ESIEE UMR8049 mixed unit, University Paris-Est, Descartes city, BP99, 93162 Noisy Le Grand, France
Mourad Said
Radiology and Medical Imaging Unit, International Center Carthage Medical, Tourist Area "JINEN EL OUEST"-5000 Monastir, Tunisia
Moncef Tagina
COSMOS Laboratory, National Institute of Computer Sciences, Campus University of Mannouba, Tunisia

ABSTRAKT

The process of medical diagnosis requires several steps to identify the types of cardiac pathologies. The segmentation step is used to determine the measurements for cardiac abnormalities on the short axis of the 4D acquired in MRI, but this phase remains limited on the blood flow sequences. The MRI modality allows the experts to quantify the stenosis and the regurgitation of aortic blood flow. The parameters extracted from the flow sequences, after segmentation, make it possible to identify the valvular pathologies, but they are not sufficient to complete the medical prognosis as well as the lack of precision of these measurements. In this paper, we propose to make a coupling between the 4D cardiac cuts with their study of blood flow through the technique of registration and reconstruction. The interest of the purpose of the blood flow as the fifth dimension is to improve the accuracy of the cardiac parameters and the extracting of measurements for valvulopathies in the process of assistance to the decision for experts. An example was introduced in this context through the development of cloud services for patient-specific simulations of blood flows through aortic valves as well as an OsiriX software for 5D visualization that combines a 4D sequence and the functional flow dimension. In this framework, we proposed a processing chain to lead towards a 5D solution. Another problem raised is the choice of the appropriate architecture to solve the problem of hybrid parallelization for processing these cardiac images. To test the constraints of time of the 5D concept, we need a GPU graphics processor acquired in MRI, as well as a CPU processor to perform the complexity of calculation and the operations applied to the algorithms of image processing.


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