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High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes
ESCI SJR: 0.176 SNIP: 0.48 CiteScore™: 1.3

ISSN Druckformat: 1093-3611
ISSN Online: 1940-4360

High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes

DOI: 10.1615/HighTempMatProc.v9.i3.30
pages 353-361

POST-FLIGHT ANALYSES OF THE OREX CATALYCITY EXPERIMENT

A. Enzian
CNES, F-91023 Evry, France
T. Ito
JAXA, Chofu, Tokyo, Japan
M. Balat-Pichelin
Laboratoire "Precedes, Materiaux et Energie Solaire", PROMES-CNRS, rue du four solaire, BP 5,66125 Font-Romeu Odeillo, France
A. Desportes
CORIA-CNRS, Rouen, France
P. Vervisch
CORIA-CNRS, Rouen, France
C. Guyon
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitement de Surfaces, Universite Pierre & Marie Curie, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75231 Paris Cedex, France
Jacques Amouroux
Laboratoire de Genie des Precedes Plasmas Universite P. et M. Curie, ENSCP 11 rue P. et M. Curie 75005 Paris France
Ph. Tran
EADS-ST, Les Mureaux, France
N. Sauvage
EADS-ST, Les Mureaux, France
F. Thivet
ONERA, Toulouse, France

ABSTRAKT

Catalytic recombination of dissociated atmospheric oxygen and nitrogen is a major heat source for re-entry vehicles beyond Mach 10. Present thermal protection systems are designed to the extreme assumption of full catalycity. However mass, performance, and cost considerations of future reusable launch vehicles require that their thermal protection system is designed to the more realistic assumption of partial catalycity. With this in mind, the authors of this paper have studied the catalytic behavior of a coated C/C material as it was used for the heat shield of the OREX re-entry capsule. In this presentation, we will report on the laboratory measurements of the atomic oxygen recombination coefficient and its associated coefficient for thermal accommodation. The recombination coefficient was determined in plasma test chambers by actinometry and in plasmatron at 200 and 2000 Pa, respectively. The results show an effective recombination coefficient of the order of 1% (600 K - 1900 K). Unlike Stewart and the Bruno models, we did not observe a strong temperature dependency of the effective recombination coefficient, neither in the laboratory data nor in the flight data. The observed behaviour can be explained by the Cacciatore model on silica.


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