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High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes
SJR: 0.19 SNIP: 0.341 CiteScore™: 0.43

ISSN Druckformat: 1093-3611
ISSN Online: 1940-4360

High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes

DOI: 10.1615/HighTempMatProc.v13.i2.80
pages 195-203

SPECTRAL INVESTIGATIONS OF ELECTRIC ARC ALTERNATING CURRENT PLASMA GENERATORS WITH POWER TO 600 kW

Philip G. Rutberg
Institute of Problems of Electrophysics of Russian Academy of Sciences 191186, Russia, St. Petersburg, Dvortsovaya nab. 18
A. A. Safronov
Institute for Electrophysics and Electric Power RAS (IEE RAS), Saint-Petersburg, Russia
A. V. Surov
Institute for Electrophysics and Electric Power, Russian Academy of Sciences, 18 Dvortsovaya nab., 191186, St.-Petersburg, Russia
A. V. Pavlov
Institute for Electrophysics and Electric Power, Russian Academy of Sciences, 18 Dvortsovaya nab., 191186, St.-Petersburg, Russia
S. D. Popov
Institute for Electrophysics and Electric Power, Russian Academy of Sciences, 18 Dvortsovaya nab., 191186, St.-Petersburg, Russia
Valentin A. Spodobin
Institute for Electrophysics and Electric Power, Russian Academy of Sciences, 18 Dvortsovaya nab., 191186, St.-Petersburg, Russia
A. Ph. Rutberg
Institute for Electrophysics and Electric Power RAS (IEE RAS), Russia, 191186, Saint-Petersburg, Dvortsovaya nab., 18

ABSTRAKT

Now the significant attention is given to development of devices for generation of thermal air plasma of atmospheric pressure with electron concentration more than 1012 cm−3 and gas temperature less than 2000 K. There are a lot of areas of this type of plasma applications, and every year their amount increases. Technologies on processing of organic waste are actively developed in last decades. One of the most efficient ways is the high temperature gasification. As a result of gasification process the organic component of waste is transformed to combustible gas, which has a wide spectrum of further application opportunities, the main of which is energy generation. Application of low temperature plasma in these processes according to preliminary evaluations and calculations will allow essential increase of their efficiency, and the use of the plasma generators of the examined type is very promising.
The results of spectral and optical measurements of powerful arc AC plasma generators using air as a working gas are presented in the work. Dependence of temperature in a plasma generator jet of gas flow rate is investigated.

REFERENZEN

  1. Tendler M, Rutberg PhG, and Van Oost G., Plasma based waste treatment and energy production.

  2. Bratsev A.N., Glezin I.L., Kovshechnikov V.B., Kumkova I.I., Kuznetsov V.A., Popov V.E., Shtengel S.V., and Ufimtsev A.A., Experimental Research of Air Gasification of Waste. The first results.

  3. Rutberg PhG., Plasma pyrolysis of toxic waste.

  4. Rutberg Ph.G., Bratsev A.N., Safronov A.A., Surov A.V., and Shegolev V.V., The Technology and Execution of Plasmachemical Disinfection of Hazardous Medical Waste.

  5. Rutberg Ph.G., Safronov A.A., Surov A.V., Popov S.D., Alternating Current Electric Arc Plasma Generators.

  6. Rutberg Ph.G., Safronov A.A, Popov S.D., Surov A.V., and Nakonechn Gh.V., Multiphase Stationary Plasma Generators Working on Oxidizing Media.

  7. Griem H.R., Plasma spectroscopy.


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