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High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes
SJR: 0.137 SNIP: 0.341 CiteScore™: 0.43

ISSN Druckformat: 1093-3611
ISSN Online: 1940-4360

High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes

DOI: 10.1615/HighTempMatProc.v7.i2.20
6 pages

CFD MODELING OF A PLASMA REACTOR FOR THE PRODUCTION OF NANO-SIZED CARBON MATERIALS

Benjamin Ravary
Centre D'Energetique, Ecole Des Mines De Paris; Rue Claude Daunesse, B. P. 207, F-06904 Sophia Antipolis Cedex
Jon Arne Bakken
NTNU, SINTEF Metallurgi Alfred Getz vei 2B N67034 ; and Department of Materials Technology and Electrochemistry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway
J. Gonzales Aguilar
Center for Energy and Processes, Ecole des Mines de Paris, Rue Claude Daunesse B.P.. 207, F-06904 Sophia-Antipolis Cedex, France ; Dpto. De Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Cantabria, Av. Los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, SPAIN
L. Fulcheri
Centre D'Energetique, Ecole Des Mines De Paris; Rue Claude Daunesse, B. P. 207, F-06904 Sophia Antipolis Cedex

ABSTRAKT

A new patented process can produce nano-sized carbon materials, in particular fullerenes, by treatment of carbon powders in a 3-phase AC plasma reactor. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) of the reactor for this particular application has been carried out. A simplified model of the arc zone that had been developed earlier was used. The properties of the mixture of gas and carbon particles have been modelled for varying carbon concentration and temperature. The effect of sublimation of carbon particles on the mixture properties has been accounted for in a simplified manner. The theory selected to model the absorption coefficient of the mixture was the Mie theory associated to the Rayleigh limit. Simulations both in 2D and 3D have been performed and the results are discussed. The position of the injection of the particles has a large influence on the temperature field. Measurements are needed to validate the model.


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