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Plasma Medicine
SJR: 0.271 SNIP: 0.316 CiteScore™: 1.9

ISSN Druckformat: 1947-5764
ISSN Online: 1947-5772

Plasma Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/PlasmaMed.2019028856
pages 345-355

Surfatron-Produced Atmospheric-Pressure Plasma Jet Applied to Candida Biofilms

Anelise C.O.C. Doria
Universidade do Vale do Paraiba/IP&D/Laboratório de Biotecnologia e Plasmas Elétricos, São José dos Campos, SP, 12244-000, Brazil
Fernanda R. Figueira
Universidade do Vale do Paraiba/IP&D/Laboratório de Biotecnologia e Plasmas Elétricos, São José dos Campos, SP, 12244-000, Brazil
J. S. B. Lima
Universidade de Taubaté/Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica, Taubaté, SP, 12060-440, Brazil
Homero S. Maciel
Centro de Ciencia e Tecnologia de Plasmas e Materiais–PlasMat/Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, São José dos Campos, SP, 12228-900, Brazil
Sonia Khouri
Universidade do Vale do Paraiba/IP&D/Laboratório de Biotecnologia e Plasmas Elétricos, São José dos Campos, SP, 12244-000, Brazil
S. Pessoa
Centro de Ciência e Tecnologia de Plasmas e Materiais–PlasMat/Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica, São José dos Campos, SP, 12228-900, Brazil


Fungal biofilms represent a constant and predominant cause of chronic infections. They exhibit increased tolerance to antifungal agents and immunological variations, making them difficult to treat with conventional therapeutic agents. The technology of nonthermal plasmas at atmospheric pressure has been increasingly used in studies aimed at eradication and control of fungal contamination. Here, we evaluate the action of a plasma jet that is generated by a surfatron source, using different gas compositions on polyurethane (PU) samples that are contaminated with biofilms of Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis. Samples were treated using plasma with 4 standard liters per minute (SLM) argon + 6 SLM air in 100 W of applied power (group 1), 4 SLM argon + 9 SLM argon with water vapor in 50 W (group 2), and 4 SLM argon + 9 SLM argon with water vapor in 150 W (group 3). We performed treatments in the postdischarge region (30 mm) for 10 min. We characterized plasmas using optical emission spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy on samples by infrared images of the surface during plasma treatment, determining colony-forming units (CFU) and surface morphology. Results showed that for C. albicans, groups 1 and 3 plasmas were reduced by 100%, whereas for C. parapsilosis, groups 2 and 3 showed reductions of 92.41% and 97.85% CFU/mL, respectively. Morphological changes were observed in the biofilm cells, and thermal analyses of substrate surface showed that process parameters were adequate to control Candida contamination, because parameters resulted in a small increase in PU surface temperature (< 40°C) during sterilization.


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