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Multiphase Science and Technology
SJR: 0.124 SNIP: 0.222 CiteScore™: 0.26

ISSN Druckformat: 0276-1459
ISSN Online: 1943-6181

Multiphase Science and Technology

DOI: 10.1615/MultScienTechn.v3.i1-4.130
pages 302-315

EXPERIMENTAL DATA SET NO. 8: STRATIFIED FLOW, PART II: INTERFACIAL AND WALL SHEAR STRESS

J. Fabre
Insitut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, Institut de Mechanique des Fluides (UA CNRS 005), Av. C. Soula 31400, Toulouse, France
Lucien Masbernat
Institut de Mecanique des Fluides de Toulouse, France
C. Suzanne
Institut de Mecanique des Fluides de Toulouse, France

ABSTRAKT

The closure of the two-fluid models requires the knowledge of wall and interfacial frictions; however, limited understanding is available. This study therefore revisits this problem by conducing a variety of experiments in an air-water duct flows (see part I). The interfacial and wall shear stresses in gas and liquid phases, together with average value of the RMS wave height and wave spectra are measured and presented in detail. The wall shear stress in two-phase flows is found to be well predicted by the classical laws used in single-phase flow. However, the interfacial friction factor in a wavy-interface flow shows an increasing and then flattened behaviour as the gas velocity increases, which cannot be predicted by the previous models. A basic theory is then proposed based on the hypothesis on wave number spectra in internal flows to interpret this observation.


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