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International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment
SJR: 0.195 SNIP: 0.435 CiteScore™: 0.74

ISSN Druckformat: 2150-3621
ISSN Online: 2150-363X

International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment

Formerly Known as Clean Air: International Journal on Energy for a Clean Environment

DOI: 10.1615/InterJEnerCleanEnv.v8.i1.50
pages 65-79

CATALYTIC CRACKING OF PALM OIL: KINETIC STUDY

Farouq Twaiq
Curtin University of Technology, Sarawak Campus Malaysia, CDT 250, 98009 Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia
Abdul Rahman Mohamed
School of Chemical Engineering, University Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, SPS, Pinang, Malaysia
Subhash Bhatia
School of Chemical Engineering, University Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, SPS, Pinang, Malaysia

ABSTRAKT

The kinetics of the catalytic cracking of palm oil over steam-treated HZSM-5 zeolite is investigated using a fixed bed microreactor, operated at a temperature of 673−723 K, a weight hourly space velocity of 1−4 h−1, and a catalyst-to-oil ratio of 0.1−0.22. Lumped parameter models based on three, four, and six lumps were used sequentially to obtain the kinetic parameters. The cracking reaction was found to be first order, and the rate constants showed that gasoline and kerosene fractions did not undergo secondary cracking reactions compared with the diesel fraction. The predicted concentrations of products were found to be in agreement with the experimental values within the experimental error.


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