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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Druckformat: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v18.i11.10
pages 955-964

Antitumor Activity of Extracts from Medicinal Basidiomycetes Mushrooms

Elena Vetchinkina
Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia
Alexandr Shirokov
Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia
Alla Bucharskaya
Department of Pathological Anatomy, Razumovsky State Medical University, Russian Ministry of Health, Saratov, Russia
Nikita Navolokin
Department of Pathological Anatomy, Razumovsky State Medical University, Russian Ministry of Health, Saratov, Russia
Artur Prilepskii
Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia
Andrey Burov
Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia
Galina Maslyakova
Department of Pathological Anatomy, Razumovsky State Medical University, Russian Ministry of Health, Saratov, Russia
Valentina E. Nikitina
Laboratory of Microbiology, Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia

ABSTRAKT

Aqueous extracts from the vegetative submerged mycelia of cultivated Basidiomycetes Ganoderma lucidum, Lentinus edodes, and Grifola frondosa, as well as from the fruiting bodies of G. lucidum, were found to have antitumor activity. The antitumor effect of the mycelial extracts from all 3 fungal species was ascertained in vivo in rats with implanted kidney cancer. Dystrophic changes in tumor cells and tumor necrosis (up to 90%) were noted. In vitro cytotoxicity studies of the A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cell line and HEp-2 human laryngeal epidermoid carcinoma cells showed that the extracts from the G. lucidum fruiting bodies and from the L. edodes vegetative mycelium were the most effective. The animals' immune systems were activated, and the fungal extracts displayed no toxicity when administered orally.


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