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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Impact-faktor: 1.423 5-jähriger Impact-Faktor: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.716 CiteScore™: 2.6

ISSN Druckformat: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2020033766
pages 145-159

Effect of the King Oyster Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom Pleurotus eryngii (Agaricomycetes) Basidiocarps Powder to Ameliorate Memory and Learning Deficit in Ability in Aβ-Induced Alzheimer's Disease C57BL/6J Mice Model

Chih-Hung Liang
Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Chungchou Institute of Technology, Yuanlin, Changhua 51003, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Food Science, Tunghai University, No. 1727, Sec. 4, Taiwan Boulevard, Xitun District, Taichung 40704, Taichung, Taiwan
Po-Chang Huang
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, No. 145 Hsing-Da Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
Jeng-Leun Mau
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, No. 145 Hsing-Da Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan
Shen-Shih Chiang
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, No. 145 Hsing-Da Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan


One of the major causes of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is oxidative stress, which accelerates β-amyloid peptide (AP) plaque and neurofibrillary tangle accumulation in the brain. Pleurotus eryngii is known to be rich in antioxidants, including ergothioneine, adenosine, and polyphenol, which can reduce oxidative stress-related aging. The aim of this study was to investigate the proximate and functional composition of P. eryngii, and evaluate the cognitive effects of low (LPE), medium (MPE), and high (HPE) P. eryngii dosages in an Aβ-induced Alzheimer's disease C57BL/6J mouse model. Mice fed P. eryngii for six weeks showed no adverse effects on body weight gain, food intake efficiency, serum biochemical parameters, and liver and kidney histopathological features. The relative brain weight was significantly lower in Aβ-injected mice (p < 0.05). Further, P. eryngii was shown to delay brain atrophy. Reference memory behavioral tasks showed that LPE, MPE, and HPE significantly decreased escape latency (49-85%) and distance (53-69%, p < 0.05). Probe and T-maze tasks showed that P. eryngii potently ameliorated memory deficit in mice. An AD pathology index analysis showed that P. eryngii significantly decreased levels of brain phosphorylated τ-protein, Aβ plaque deposition, malondialdehyde, and protein carbonyl (p < 0.05). P. eryngii may therefore promote memory and learning capacity in an Aβ-induced AD mouse model.


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