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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Impact-faktor: 1.423 5-jähriger Impact-Faktor: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Druckformat: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

Volumes:
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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v13.i3.40
pages 245-255

Comparative Study of Antioxidant Activities and Total Phenolic Content of Selected Edible Wild Mushrooms

Hip Seng Yim
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Applied Sciences, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur; School of Food Science and Nutrition, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah
Fook Yee Chye
School of Food Science & Nutrition;, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Mee Yee Lee
Department of Food Science & Nutrition, Faculty of Applied Sciences, UCSI University, No. 1, Jalan Menara Gading, UCSI Heights, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Patricia Matanjun
School of Food Science & Nutrition, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Siew Eng How
School of Science & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Chun Wai Ho
Department of Food Science & Nutrition, Faculty of Applied Sciences, UCSI University, No. 1, Jalan Menara Gading, UCSI Heights, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

ABSTRAKT

The present study aims to assess the antioxidant activities (AOA) and total phenolic content (TPC) of water extracts of selected edible wild mushrooms: Pleurotus porrigens, Schizophyllum commune, Hygrocybe conica, and Lentinus ciliates. The AOA were evaluated against DPPH radical and ABTS radical cation scavenging ability, ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and β-carotene-linoleate bleaching (β-CB) assays, and the Folin-Ciocalteu method for TPC. BHA was used as reference. P. porrigens showed significantly higher (p < 0.05) DPPH· scavenging ability (90.78 ± 0.30%) and FRAP (6.37 ± 0.22 mM FE/100g), while Sch. commune showed significantly higher (p < 0.05) ABTS·+ inhibition activity (94.96 ± 0.70%) and β-CB inhibition activity (94.18 ± 0.17%), respectively. TPC was found in a descending order of P. poriggens > L. ciliatus = Pleurotus ostreatus (cultivated) > H. conica = Sch. commune. Positive correlation was observed between the AOA and TPC. When compared to BHA (2 mM), P. porrigens showed significantly higher (p < 0.05) DPPH· scavenging ability and reducing power, while Sch. commune showed comparable DPPH· scavenging ability and ABTS·+ inhibition activity. All the mushrooms have better ABTS·+ inhibition activity than BHA (1 mM). The β-CB inhibition activity of BHA was significantly higher than those of edible wild mushrooms. The water extracts of edible wild mushrooms showed potent antioxidant activities compared to BHA to a certain extent.