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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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ISSN Druckformat: 1521-9437
ISSN Online: 1940-4344

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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v10.i1.60
pages 49-53

In Vitro Anti-inflammatory Activity of Selected Japanese Higher Basidiomycetes Mushrooms

Esameldin E. Elgorashi
Department of Veterinary Pharmacology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, 4-101 Minami, Koyama, Tottori 680-8553, Japan
Nitaro Maekawa
The Tottori Mycological Institute, Kokoge 211, Tottori-shi, Tottori 689-1125, Japan
Hiroshi Satoh
Department of Veterinary Pharmacology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, 4-101 Minami, Koyama, Tottori 680-8553, Japan

ABSTRAKT

Mycelial extracts (ethyl acetate and 70% ethanol) of 20 higher Basidiomycetes edible or medicinal mushrooms and culture media extracts (ethyl acetate and Butan-1-ol) were evaluated for in vitro anti-inflammatory activity using the cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 enzymes (COX-1 and -2). Generally, 70% ethanolic extracts showed lower inhibitory activity against both enzymes compared to ethyl acetate extracts. Of the mushrooms tested, the ethyl acetate extracts of Ganoderma applanata, Naematoloma sublateritium, Pleurotus eryngii, and P. salmoneostramineus showed the highest COX-2 inhibitory effects (IC50 values of 49.7, 80.6, 121.7, and 115.8 μg/mL, respectively) compared to COX-1 inhibition (IC50 values of 125.3, 156, 188.9, and 250 μg/mL, respectively). Of the culture media tested in this study, only the ethyl acetate extracts of the culture medium of Agrocybe cylindracea exhibited high inhibition of the COX-2 enzyme.


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