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International Journal of Fluid Mechanics Research
ESCI SJR: 0.206 SNIP: 0.446 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Druckformat: 2152-5102
ISSN Online: 2152-5110

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International Journal of Fluid Mechanics Research

DOI: 10.1615/InterJFluidMechRes.v31.i6.10
pages 529-551

Double-Diffusive Convective Flow of a Micropolar Fluid Over a Vertical Plate Embedded in a Porous Medium with a Chemical Reaction

Ali J. Chamkha
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Prince Sultan Endowment for Energy and Environment, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al-Khobar 31952, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; RAK Research and Innovation Center, American University of Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates, 10021
Ali F. Al-Mudhaf
Manufacturing Engineering Department, The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, P. O. Box 42325, Shuweikh, 70654 Kuwait
Jasem Al-Yatama
Manufacturing Engineering Department, The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, P. O. Box 42325, Shuweikh, 70654 Kuwait


The problem of steady, laminar, double-diffusive natural convection boundary-layer flow of a micropolar fluid over a vertical permeable semi-infinite plate embedded in a uniform porous medium in the presence of non-Darcian and thermal dispersion effects is investigated. Also, the model problem allows for possible heat generation or absorption and first-order chemical reaction effects. Both the wall temperature and wall concentration are assumed to have linear variations with the distance along the plate. Appropriate transformations are employed to transform the governing differential equations into a non-similar form that can be solved as an initial-value problem. The resulting equations are solved numerically by an efficient implicit, iterative, finite-difference scheme. The obtained results are checked against previously published work on special cases of the problem and are found to be in good agreement. A parametric study illustrating the influence of the microrotation material parameter, concentration to thermal buoyancy ratio, chemical reaction parameter, Schmidt number, heat generation or absorption and the surface suction or injection effects on the fluid velocity, microrotation, temperature and solute concentration as well as the local skin-friction coefficient, local wall microrotation coefficient and the local wall heat and mass transfer coefficients is conducted. The results of this parametric study are shown graphically and the physical aspects of the problem are highlighted and discussed.