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International Journal of Fluid Mechanics Research
ESCI SJR: 0.206 SNIP: 0.446 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Druckformat: 2152-5102
ISSN Online: 2152-5110

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International Journal of Fluid Mechanics Research

DOI: 10.1615/InterJFluidMechRes.v43.i3.20
pages 206-217

Secondary Flow Behaviour in Various Rounded-Edge Bifurcation T-Junctions and Its Relation to Head Loss

YB. Lukiyanto
Sanata Dharma University
I. N. G. Wardana
Mechanical Engineering Department, Brawijaya University Jln. MT. Haryono 167, Malang 65145, Indonesia
Widya Wijayanti
Mechanical Engineering Department, Brawijaya University Jln. MT. Haryono 167, Malang 65145, Indonesia
M. Agus Choiron
Mechanical Engineering Department, Brawijaya University Jln. MT. Haryono 167, Malang 65145, Indonesia

ABSTRAKT

Visualization of secondary flow behavior were carried out for the laminar flow (Re = 81) in a sharp-edged and rounded-edged 90° T-junction with an inlet flow perpendicular to both inline outlet flows orientation with a bifurcation ratio of 0.5. Particles were added to the fluid. The fluid was salt solution for density similarity with the particles, leading to eliminate the bouyance effect. Static pressures were measured at the inlet and one of the outlet channels by a U-manometer. The result shows that the rounded edge affected the recirculation secondary flow area and position leading to the reduction of the head loss. The image of the secondary flow demonstrates that a T-junction with the rounded edge with a rounded-edge radius ratio of 0.5 had a broader bifurcation area and a smaller secondary flow occupation area in the outlet channel, as compared to the sharp edge. The decreasing head loss ratio was 51 %. At rounded-edge radius ratio of 0 up to 1.5 part of secondary flow was located in the bifurcation area and the outlet area, whereas at rounded-edge radius ratio of 2 and of 2.5 it was located completely within the bifurcation area. Changing rounded-edge radius ratio from 1.5 to 2 reduced the head loss ratio up to 49.72 %.


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