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Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
SJR: 0.121 SNIP: 0.228 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Druckformat: 0896-2960
ISSN Online: 2162-6553

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v14.i2.10
79 pages

Measurement of Impairments and Functional Limitations in Older Adults: Conceptual Considerations and Practical Applications

A. A. Manko
Kiev Communications Institute, Kiev, Ukraine
Margaret Schenkman
Physical Therapy Program, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO
Susan Scherer
Physical Therapy Program, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO
Cheryl Riegger-Krugh
Physical Therapy Program, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO
Toni M. Cutson
Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, and GRECC, Durham Veterans Affairs Hospital, Durham, NC

ABSTRAKT

This review provides a framework that examiners of older adults can use to choose measures of impairments and functional limitations. Decisions are framed around concepts of disablement and enablement. Choices are discussed in the context of issues, such as functional limitations versus functional ability, capacity versus usual behavior, self-report versus performance-based measures, and disease-specific versus generic measures. Examples are provided to illustrate the breadth of available measurement options. Examples include measures of impairments and functional limitations appropriate for any older individual, as well as disorder-specific measures specifically developed for individuals with cardiovascular, arthritic, and neurological conditions.


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