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Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
SJR: 0.121 SNIP: 0.228 CiteScore™: 0.17

ISSN Druckformat: 0896-2960
ISSN Online: 2162-6553

Critical Reviews™ in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevPhysRehabilMed.v16.i2.40
18 pages

Preventative Strategies for Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage

Pornratshanee Weerapong
New Zealand Institute of Sport and Recreation Research, Division of Sport and Recreation, Faculty of Health, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1020, New Zealand
Patria A. Hume
New Zealand Institute of Sport and Recreation Research, Division of Sport and Recreation, Faculty of Health, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1020, New Zealand
Gregory S. Kolt
Faculty of Health, Auckland, New Zealand

ABSTRAKT

Eccentric exercise is part of regular rehabilitation and sports training. Unaccustomed eccentric exercise causes muscle damage that presents as delayed soreness, strength and range of motion loss, swelling, and increased passive stiffness. These symptoms reduce the ability to exercise and might be harmful if further exercise is continued. Several interventions such as warm-up, stretching, massage, acupuncture, anti-inflammatory drugs, and estrogen supplements have been researched in order to find interventions that successfully alleviate the severity of muscle damage. The results are controversial due mainly to the variety of exercise-induced muscle damage protocols, the types of intervention protocols, and the doses of application. From a practical point of view prevention strategies are preferred by practitioners because they reduce time lost from training, reduce the cost of treatment, and reduce the risk of further injury. For that reason, this article emphasizes the mechanism of initial events and the factors involving the severity of muscle damage. Research on the prevention of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage is reviewed and discussed. Appropriate preventative strategies for muscle damage from eccentric exercise are suggested.