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International Journal on Algae
SJR: 0.219 SNIP: 0.261 CiteScore™: 0.24

ISSN Druckformat: 1521-9429
ISSN Online: 1940-4328

International Journal on Algae

DOI: 10.1615/InterJAlgae.v19.i3.20
pages 215-226

Soil Algae of the Oak Groves of the Steppe Zone of Ukraine

I. A. Maltseva
Melitopol Bogdan Khmelnytskyi State Pedagogical University 20 Getmanska St., Melitopol 72312, Ukraine
Ye. I. Maltsev
Melitopol Bogdan Khmelnytskyi State Pedagogical University 20 Getmanska St., Melitopol 72312, Ukraine; Institute for Biology of Inland Waters RAS, Settl. Borok, Nekouz District, Yaroslavl Region 152742, Russia
A. N. Solonenko
Melitopol Bogdan Khmelnytskyi State Pedagogical University 20 Getmanska St., Melitopol 72312, Ukraine

ABSTRAKT

This paper presents results on species diversity, taxonomic structure and dominants of algal communities of soils in oak groves of the steppe zone of Ukraine. A total of 128 species of soil algae were revealed. Chlorophyta lead in species number; Xanthophyta, Cyanoprokaryota or Bacillariophyta rank second depending on the type of the grove. Soil algocenosis of the linden-ash oak grove was the most diverse (59 species). Dominating complexes of soil algae of studied oak groves vary in species number and taxonomic structure. Peculiarities of species and taxonomic composition of soil algae communities of the oak groves of different types are due not only to their geographical remoteness, but also to the ecological conditions of the microenvironment. Water regime and the degree of erosion on the slopes of ravines play key roles in the formation of algal communities. A new habitat of Protosiphon botryoides (Kütz.) Klebs in Ukraine was found. It was isolated from the soil of the floodplain birch-ash grove of the Samara forest (Dnepropetrovsk Region). The strain P. botryoides MZ-Ch14 was studied in terms of its morphology and phylogeny. An isolated strain can be used in the process of selection of the most promising sources of secondary carotenoids.


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