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International Journal on Algae
From the Editor-in-Chief
Solomon P. Wasser
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine, 2 Tereshchenkovskaya Str., Kiev 01004, Ukraine; International Center
for Cryptogamic Plants and Fungi, Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel
The present issue of the International Journal on Algae is the inaugural publication in English of the Russian-language journal Algologia as an independent serial. Some material from Algologia had been previously published, in a selective fashion, in the Hydrobiological Journal, which is now also being published by Begell House, Inc., Publishers. Beginning in 1999, Begell House will regularly publish the International Journal on Algae containing translations of selected papers from Algologia, as a separate publication.
The Editor-in-Chief, the Editorial Board, and the Publisher sincerely hope that this new edition of Algologia will extend the range of its readers and will strengthen better understanding of the research being done by the algae specialists of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
Algae represent a heterogeneous assemblage of plants, exhibiting astounding diversity both in organizational and functional terms. They are the most ancient pro- and eukaryotic photosynthesizing organisms. Algae are ubiquitous. A multitude of species, ranging from microscopic unicells to gigantic kelps, inhabit the world's oceans, freshwater bodies, soils, rocks and trees. Altogether, the algae probably account for more than half the total primary production worldwide; virtually all aquatic organisms are dependent on this production. There is, perhaps, no other group of organisms that is so diverse, and obviously this novelty of algal systems has attached paramount significance to it, both from fundamental and applied viewpoints. Thus, if we are to be able to understand the diversity and the phylogeny of the plant world, it is of prime importance to investigate the algae.
Many journals devoted to study of algae exist now in the world, and the great problem for a newly established journal is to find its own, specific approach to the presentation of published data. The international journal Algologia that is now appearing as International Journal on Algae began issuing in 1991. The aim of this special algological (phycological) journal, the first in the former Soviet Union, was to reflect and present recent advances in algology. The journal had to elucidate a wide range of problems concerning fundamental and applied aspects in algology. It was decided to represent on its pages not only papers based on the results of field and experimental studies but also problematic, survey and procedure papers, personalia, chronicle and information, reviews, and an annotated bibliography of new books and periodicals devoted to algae. The intended readers of Algologia include specialists in theoretical, experimental and applied algology, hydrobiologists, microbiologists, all scientists using the algae as a model object of research, and all those interested in the general problems of biology. Specialists of international reputation have been invited to join the editorial board with the aim of publishing papers of high scientific level in as short a time as possible. Much has been done to achieve this goal.
It is my pleasure now to mention our colleagues from the old generation, truly the classicists in the field of algological studies, who contributed to the successful start of Algologia - Professors M.M. Gollerbakh, A.M. Matvienko, and E.A. Shtina. Their valuable advice and criticism, as well as conceptual papers published on the pages of this new journal, promoted its improvement and popularity. I appreciate the kind help of my past and present collaborators in the development of Algologia, first of all, the associate editors Professors K.L. Vinogradova (Russia), N.V. Kondratyeva (Ukraine), and the untimely deceased Professor V.E. Semenenko (Russia) who did a lot indeed to perfect the experimental sections of the journal. My deep gratitude is extended to Professors R.L. Chapman (USA) and I.V. Makarova (Russia), G. Gartner (Austria) and E.G. Sudyina (Ukraine), E. Nevo (Israel) and L.P. Perestenko (Russia), B.V. Gromov (Russia) and J.W.G. Lund (UK), J. Komarek (Czech Republic) and E.I. Friedmann (USA), H. Lange-Bertalot (Germany) and Ya. Seminska (Poland), O. Pulz (Germany) and O.M. Kozhova (Russia), V.M. Shalar (Moldova) and N.I. Karayeva (Azerbaijan), to all members of the editorial board and the editorial council who gave their time, knowledge and experience to Algologia.
During eight years of publication, 32 issues of Algologia appeared containing about 450 papers. Each issue represented 12 to 16 topics (e.g., General Problems of Algology; Morphology, Anatomy, Cytology; Reproduction and Life Cycles of Algae; Genetics, Physiology, Biochemistry and Biophysics; Ecology, Cenology and Conservation of Algae; Flora and Geography; Fossil Algae; Systematics, Phylogeny and Problems of Evolution of Algae; New Taxa and Noteworthy Records; Applied Algology etc.). The most popular topics (according to the number of the papers published) were algal ecology and cenology, physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, flora and geography. Papers on general problems of algology, fossil records, and noteworthy taxa also played important roles.
The journal is known in many countries, it can be seen on the desk of students and researchers at universities and scientific institutions of different countries. Now, the international journal Algologia comes to new perspectives on the pages of the International Journal on Algae. I trust the two journals will be successful.
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