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DOI: 10.1615/ICHMT.2012.CHT-12.840
pages 1399-1408

Hitoshi Suto
Fluid Dynamics Sector, Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 1646 Abiko, Abiko-city, Chiba, 270-1194, Japan

Yasuo Hattori
Fluid Dynamics Sector, Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 1646 Abiko, Abiko-shi, Chiba, 270-1194, Japan


A large-eddy simulation of a buoyant plume past a bluff body (BB) is performed. The modified Rayleigh number based on the total heat input and the diameter of a BB is set at 1.2×1010. Distributions of basic statistics showed that the existence of a BB greatly varies the spatial structures of momentum and energy transport, although they gradually approached distributions corresponding to the similarity law for a fully developed plume when z/D>2.5 (z: vertical position from a heat source, D: BB diameter) since the influence of a BB becomes weaker there. Then, the relationship between entrainment and flow structures was investigated and the entrainment coefficient was found to be locally large right above a BB owing to stationary horizontal flows and azimuthal vortices. Moreover, in the case of an insulated BB, some azimuthal vortices were formed in the process of developing a plume, 1.0<z/D<2.0, owing to both weak buoyancy and BB effects, and it is suggested that they are linked to the increase of entrainment there.

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