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ENERGY-SAVING TECHNOLOGIES FOR BUILDING HEATING, VENTILATION, AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS

DOI: 10.1615/AnnualRevHeatTransfer.2019029887
pages 147-204

Ming Qu
Purdue University, 610 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA

Xiaoli Liu
Purdue University, 610 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA

Zhiyao Yang
Purdue University, 610 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA

Feng Wu
Purdue University, 610 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA

Liang Shi
Purdue University, 610 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA

Xiaobing Liu
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Rd., Oak Ridge, TN 37830, USA

Tao Zhang
Department of Building Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Xiaohua Liu
Department of Building Science, Tsinghua University; Dalian University of Technology, No.2 Linggong Road, Ganjingzi District, Dalian 116024, China

Yi Jiang
Department of Building Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Hongxi Yin
Washington University at St. Louis, 1 Brookings Dr., St. Louis, MO 63130, USA


SCHLÜSSELWÖRTER: energy recovery, heat pump, sorption, membrane, ground-source, desiccant, dehumidification

Abstrakt

Buildings are responsible for about 38-quadrillion BTU of the total energy in the U.S. at present. The energy demands from buildings keep increasing remarkably to meet the improving life level and the needs of occupants' thermal comfort in the future. Therefore, the developments of high-performance building and efficient building energy systems are highly needed to address the challenges of the climate changes and energy depletion. In this paper, we provide a critical review of the studies on energy-saving technologies for building heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. We start with the heat recovery technologies applied to HVAC systems. We continue with the reviews on energy-efficient technologies in heating, cooling, and air dehumidification. After a brief background, we focus on the aspects of those systems: advanced materials, component and system design, and system performance. We highlight the recently emergent design, modeling, and experimental research on those technologies and provide the suggestions and outlook for future research and development of energy-efficient building HVAC systems.

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