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Heat Transfer Research
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ISSN Print: 1064-2285
ISSN Online: 2162-6561

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Heat Transfer Research

DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.2012005762
pages 695-707


Shuangling Dong
Beijing University of Chemical Technology
Liancun Zheng
School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Xinxin Zhang
School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Energy Saving and Emission Reduction for Metallurgical Industry, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Junhong Zhang
Naval University of Engineering, Wuhan 430033, Hubei, China


Heat transfer enhancement by utilizing nanofluids in a microchannel flow is investigated for specific flow regimes and boundary conditions. Accompanied with the slip velocity and jump temperature boundary conditions, the governing mass, momentum, and energy equations for a nanofluid flow inside a microchannel have been discretized using the characteristic finite element method. The above equations are improved and solved taking into account the particle dispersion and anomalous diffusion due to the particle random motion. Based on theoretical models and experimental correlations, the thermal conductivity and viscosity coefficients required for simulation were used. Based upon numerical simulations, the effects of Reynolds number and the volume fraction of nanoparticles on heat transfer from the channel walls are presented. Simulated results shows reasonably good agreement with the previous numerical and experimental data. An obvious increase in the averaged Nusselt number is found for the nanofluid. The results provide insight into the statement that nanoparticles can increase the rate of heat transfer in microchannels.