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Journal of Porous Media
IF: 1.49 5-Year IF: 1.159 SJR: 0.43 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN Print: 1091-028X
ISSN Online: 1934-0508

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Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v21.i4.50
pages 363-388

NONSIMILAR SOLUTION OF UNSTEADY MIXED CONVECTION FLOW NEAR THE STAGNATION POINT OF A HEATED VERTICAL PLATE IN A POROUS MEDIUM SATURATED WITH A NANOFLUID

Abdullah A. Abdullah
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 24382, Saudi Arabia
Fouad S. Ibrahim
Department of Mathematics, University College, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
Ali J. Chamkha
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Prince Sultan Endowment for Energy and Environment, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al-Khobar 31952, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; RAK Research and Innovation Center, American University of Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates, 10021

ABSTRACT

This article studies the effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis on unsteady mixed convection flow near the stagnation-point region of a heated vertical plate embedded in a porous medium saturated by a nanofluid. The plate is maintained at a variable wall temperature and nanoparticle volume fraction. The presence of a solid matrix, which exerts first and second resistance parameters, is considered in this study. A suitable coordinate transformation is introduced and the resulting governing equations are transformed and then solved numerically using the local nonsimilarity method and the Runge-Kutta shooting quadrature. The effects of various governing parameters on the flow and heat and mass transfer on the dimensionless velocity, temperature, and nanoparticle volume fraction profiles as well as the skin-friction coefficient, Nusselt number, and the Sherwood number are displayed graphically and discussed to illustrate interesting features of the solutions. The results indicate that as the values of the thermophoresis and Brownian motion parameters increase, the local skin-friction coefficient increases whereas the Nusselt number decreases. Moreover, the Sherwood number increases as the thermophoresis parameter increases, and decreases as the Brownian motion parameter increases. On the other hand, the unsteadiness parameter and the resistance parameters enhance the local skin-friction coefficient, local Nusselt number, and the local Sherwood number.


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