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Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.26 SNIP: 0.375 CiteScore™: 1.4

ISSN Print: 0278-940X
ISSN Online: 1943-619X

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v30.i456.30
pages 283-306

High-Resolution Spatio-Temporal Functional Neuroimaging of Brain Activity

Bin He
Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, MC-063, SEO 218, 851 S. Morgan Street, Chicago, IL 60607
J. Lian
Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois

ABSTRACT

The past decades have shown extraordinary progress in our ability to noninvasively image the functions of the human brain. Of particular interest is the recent trend in combining information from electrophysiological and magnetic resonance imaging, which we termed eMRI, to achieve high-resolution functional neuroimaging in both space and time domains. In this article, we review the recent progress in high-resolution functional neuroimaging, in particular the multimodal integration of electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The state-of-the-art EEG inverse solutions based on different brain electric source models and various approaches to integrate the information from MRI are reviewed. The remaining challenges, future trends, and potential applications of the high-resolution functional neuroimaging research are discussed.


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